Table of Contents
What is the simplest unit of nucleic acids?
The basic repeating unit of nucleic acids are known as nucleotides. A nucleotide consists of three distinct chemical groups, a 5-carbon sugar (ribose or deoxyribose), a nitrogen-rich base - (cytosine (C), guanine (G), adenine (A), thymine (T) in DNA or uracil (U) instead of T (in RNA), and phosphate. via
What is the single unit of a nucleic acid called?
A nucleic acid is a long molecule made up of smaller molecules called nucleotides. Thes units are called nucleotides, and they are chemically linked to one another in a chain. In DNA, the nucleotides are referred to in shorthand as A, C, T, and G. via
What is the basic of a nucleic acid?
Nucleic acids are polynucleotides—that is, long chainlike molecules composed of a series of nearly identical building blocks called nucleotides. Each nucleotide consists of a nitrogen-containing aromatic base attached to a pentose (five-carbon) sugar, which is in turn attached to a phosphate group. via
What is the basic unit of a nucleic acid Brainly?
The basic unit of nucleic acid is nucleotide. via
What is the formula for nucleic acids?
This chemical formula represents the sum of the purine base adenine (C5H5N5), deoxyribose(C5H10O4), and phosphoric acid (H3PO4), where condensation reactions at the molecule bond sites lose two water molecules (2H20). This is the DNA form. via
What are three examples of nucleic acids?
Examples of Nucleic Acids
Which is wrong about nucleic acid?
Both the nucleic acids are chemically similar except for the difference in the nature of sugar present in the chain. DNA has an extra deoxy sugar in the nucleotide. DNA and RNA also differ in their sizes. via
Is DNA acidic or basic?
DNA is an interesting molecule in that it has both acidic and alkaline components. It consists of an acidic phosphate group, an alkaline nitrogenous base and a sugar group. via
What are nucleic acids Why are they important?
Nucleic acid is an important class of macromolecules found in all cells and viruses. The functions of nucleic acids have to do with the storage and expression of genetic information. Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) encodes the information the cell needs to make proteins. via
What is the basic structure and function of nucleic acids?
Nucleic acids, deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) and ribonucleic acid (RNA), carry genetic information which is read in cells to make the RNA and proteins by which living things function. The well-known structure of the DNA double helix allows this information to be copied and passed on to the next generation. via
What are examples of nucleic acids in food?
Not only did cultivated plants such as cereals and pulses show a high RNA-equivalent content but also vegetables such as spinach, leek, broccoli, Chinese cabbage and cauliflower. We found the same results in mushrooms including oyster, flat, button (whitecaps) and cep mushrooms. via
What is the example of nucleic acids?
The two main types of nucleic acids are deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) and ribonucleic acid (RNA). DNA is the genetic material found in all living organisms, ranging from single-celled bacteria to multicellular mammals. The other type of nucleic acid, RNA, is mostly involved in protein synthesis. via
What is the structure of a DNA molecule?
The DNA molecule consists of two strands that wind around one another to form a shape known as a double helix. Each strand has a backbone made of alternating sugar (deoxyribose) and phosphate groups. Attached to each sugar is one of four bases--adenine (A), cytosine (C), guanine (G), and thymine (T). via
What is the basic unit of a nucleic acid and what is it made of Apex?
Basic unit of a nucleic acid is a nucleotide .
The nucleotides are attached in a series to form a polymer called nucleic acid. via
What are nucleic acids built from?
Nucleic acids are giant biomolecules made of monomers called nucleotides. Nucleotides have three components: pentose sugar (5-carbon sugar), phosphate group, and nitrogenous base. via